Orthodontic early treatment
Classic orthodontic treatment usually takes place between the ages of 9 and 14 (2nd phase of the change of teeth).
In some cases, however, it makes sense to carry out smaller, time-limited measures beforehand. Custom-made braces are usually not used until the first change of teeth (approx. 6 years). Different types of prefabricated oral vestibule plates are used here (reclining lower jaw, protruding upper front teeth, open bite, habits such as tongue thrusting or thumb sucking). Crossbites in the milk dentition are corrected as far as possible by small grinding measures. The prophylactic weaning of habits is also very important, especially in this phase, before the permanent teeth erupt.
However, once permanent teeth are in place, custom active appliances are fabricated for the patient. In the first mixed dentition phase (6th-8th year of life), major problems with the change of teeth or the bite position can be corrected.
These include findings such as a pronounced lack of space for individual teeth (hindered eruption), condition after early loss of milk teeth with migration of the neighboring teeth, displaced teeth, lateral or frontal crossbites with functional midline deviation, very large front tooth steps (trauma prophylaxis), tooth undernumbering (aplasia, hypodontia).